Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This means that the essence of correctness will not be able to finds its explanation and basis by saying how human being, with representations occurring in his subjective consciousness, can conform to objects that are at hand outside his soul, how the gap between the subject and object can be bridged so that something like a “conforming to” becomes possible. Like the other Prescribed Titles that have two central key terms, you need to look for RLEs where reliable knowledge can lack certainty and other RLEs where reliable knowledge must have certainty. This has been called the principle of reason. The Human Sciences are concerned with what is “good and bad” and they use the principle of reason and other ways of knowing and methodologies to arrive at some assertions in these areas of knowledge that compose the Human Sciences. This assured “predictability” of outcomes and results overcomes the scepticism and doubt which would attack our confidence, our wills and decisiveness, in their use since our ability to predict allows us to commandeer and control the nature that we view. In Will to Power #507 Nietzsche says: “that a great deal of belief must be present; that judgements may be ventured, that doubt concerning all essential values is lacking that is the pre-condition for every living thing and its life”. Reliable knowledge can have wholly different meanings depending on the AOK and RLE. In the simplicity of its statement it hides a most complex process and the questions and problems inherent in this complex process. 6. The essential difference between animals and human beings is that human beings have a concept of “world” which they attempt to commandeer and control in order to secure the “self-preservation” and life-enhancement striving to eliminate the element of chance that rules in “natural selection” or “modification”. Unless such “responsibility” is present, there is “no thing”, nothing to inform about. What is true is what is held in being as what is taken to be in being. Nowadays, what is called “psychology” is primarily based on the findings of physiology (brain studies) or biology and chemistry. The Knowledge Framework and the TOK essay, Implicit and explicit Knowledge Questions, Incorporating Knowledge Questions in a TOK essay, May 2021 TOK essay Prescribed Titles – key words and phrases, May 2021 TOK essay Prescribed Titles – fundamental knowledge questions, NOVEMBER 2020 TOK ESSAY PRESCRIBED TITLES, November 2020 TOK essay Prescribed Titles – Key words and phrases, November 2020 TOK essay Prescribed Titles – Knowledge Questions, November 2020 TOK essay Prescribed Titles – more Knowledge Questions, DP Language A Language and Literature resources, New TOK curriculum (first assessment 2022), May 2021 TOK Essay Prescribed Title #1 RLE – poem in translation (iroha), May 2021 TOK Prescribed title #3 RLE – art school harassment, May 2021 TOK essay Prescribed Title #4 RLE – homosexuality behavior in the animal kingdom, May 2021 TOK Prescribed title #5 RLE – government mask program, May 2021 TOK Prescribed title #1 RLE – NYT article on Doritos, DP Language A Language and Literature Resources, November 2020 TOK essay Prescribed Titles. Is there a trade-off between scepticism and successful production of knowledge? The first challenge or recognition is that, if there is any importance to the consequences implicit and explicit in the “truth” of the statement, the importance of these consequences, the ethics of these consequences or the actions that we undertake, are constantly denied or overlooked by the concrete relations and realities of the experiences we have of our world particularly through what is taught to us in the Human Sciences.
Keep up the good work, and thank you once again. In “representation”, the representing and the representer are always co-represented.
If they are not, if their intent is one of mere mendacity or maliciousness then their “production” will not be knowledge, and societies impose various laws and penalties on those who act from these motives. ‘To produce’, to bring forth, indicates the relationship of Cartesianism and technology, and this thinking dominates our view of the world and, thus, the TOK program that we are studying. In order for the Natural Sciences and Human Sciences to begin their work, the “individual” in its uniqueness whether in nature or societies must be “leaped over” so that assertions and judgements can be made about the universal, for it is in the universals that the “essence” of something (the what) is arrived at and a definition formed i.e. “Writing” will be understood as any communication of what has been observed whether it be in the form of mathematical or statistical results or the productions that are products of the arts. "-Mariana @ St Julien's School (Carcavelos, Portugal), "THANK YOU SO MUCH! You'll have 1600 words to answer your title. Irrationalism and rationalism are bound together. Our interpretations of the “real” are our “values”, and they possess some “value” because we value truth and accuracy because they give us surety and certainty. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. What we think these conditions are, the essential determination of these conditions, the ways of their conditioning, and the character of their conditioning depends upon the way in which life itself is defined in its essence. Our ways of knowing are the means by which we “view” and “apprehend” or “grasp” as well as “experience” our shared knowledge and the beings/things in the world about us. It can mean something along the lines of consistent or trustworthy depending on the context. We say that something is which we always in advance encounter as always at hand: what is always present and has constant stability in this presence. In title #1, a number of key concepts or assumed concepts are being used and these must be examined and questioned and brought to light. With the beginning of the modern age, that is to say in the thinking of the French philosopher and mathematician Rene Descartes, human beings with their knowledge of themselves and their central position amid beings — the things that are — become the centre where things will be experienced, defined, and shaped. Western metaphysics determines things/beings in advance as what is conceivable and definable i.e. Well, it appears that “knowledge” is something that can be “acquired”. The title is primarily concerned with our ways of knowing and their resultant methodologies which aid us in our “production of knowledge”. We have museums, for instance, to preserve our greatest works of art; the skyscrapers of the world’s cities proclaim a view of what is considered to be “significant”. On a personal note, though I have included many references to the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche in my responses here this in no way implies that I agree with the views that he expressed in his philosophy. What is the purpose behind these “values” when we our speaking about values in our Areas of Knowledge? ( Log Out / Works of art are turned into “objects” and are approached “scientifically” using the methodologies of the sciences. It is from this initial “trust” in the shared knowledge that has been handed over to us and in the producers of that knowledge that the journey towards our personal knowledge acquisition can begin. Correctness as consistency means that a statement is deduced from another statement in accordance with the rules of reasoning.
5. It must resign itself to the fact that it cannot and will not be able to know the truth about the “facts” of nature given its current representations of nature from the questions which it poses to nature.
This is the destiny of the modern. I have already uploaded the full November 2019 TOK Essay Titles Webinar webinar inside IBMastery, to help you understand how to approach each of the titles (i.e. If I was at OFS it would be a pleasure to have you as my Econs teacher!" The physicist Heisenberg summed up the dilemma facing modern scientists in this way: “What we observe is not nature in itself but nature exposed to our method of questioning. How is “correctness” to be understood? This will be the bulk of the response here regarding this title.
Stick to two. But there must also be “trust” present, otherwise the work in the sciences and mathematics could not begin. Nietzsche/Darwin Part VIII: Truth as Justice: Part IX: Darwin/Nietzsche: Otherness, Owingness, And Nihilism, Nietzsche/Darwin: Part IX-B: Education, Ethics/Actions: Contemplative vs. Calculative Thinking, AOK: Individuals and Societies or the Human Sciences: Part One, AOK: Technology and the Human Sciences Part.
The closest Greek counterpart to representation, noein, ‘to think, etc.’, was ‘dwelling in the unhidden’, receptive, contemplative rather than intrusive, and concerned the whole, unhiddenness as such, and not only individual entities/things. The knowledge and its “truth” are calculable and the “value” of that knowledge and “truth” is determined by how “useful” it is to someone. Would Nietzsche somehow support or believe the current “alternate facts” and machinations that are so much a part of modern politics and propaganda?
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